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值得一看!总结出牛人最佳学习方法

来源::网络整理 | 作者:管理员 | 本文已影响

我们苦逼学生们每天在学习上花的时间最多,因为学习量实在是太大。但其实学习量是固定的,如果学习速度能够提升,那么我们需要学习的时间就可以缩短,然后就能留下更多的时间做自己想做的事情~所以一个好的学习方法真的真的太重要了,今天给大家带来的这篇文章里,一位大神用两年时间研究了8000个学生,总结出了最强学习方法,学生必看!

What are the best study methods?

最好的学习方法是什么?

值得一看!总结出牛人最佳学习方法

This is my personal research on how to study over two years. I succeeded to get a distinction in 8000 students from many colleges. I did not spend more than two months in my college.

关于这个问题我已经研究了有两年了,我花了不到两个月时间,成功的从不同的学校分类出了不同学生(8000人)的学习方法。

There are two important concepts worth sharing before I describe my study method. The first concept is about memory graph and the second one is about concentration span.

在分享我研究出的学习方法之前有必要先介绍两个其他的研究成果,第一个就是人类记忆曲线图,第二个就是人类注意力集中值柱状图。

The human memory graph:

人类记忆曲线图

The concept is when you read something, your memory of what you read or heard is almost alive. If we represent this with graph it is horizontally at 100%, and it slowly declines over time.

第一个研究结果告诉我们,在你背过某些东西之后的那一段时间里你记住的是100%的东西,之后随着时间流逝会慢慢忘记。

When you review it after one day, memory connections are strengthened. Now its declination is very slow as compared to without review. This speed decreases with every review of the thing you want to remember.

一天之后当你回顾一遍之后会加强记忆效果。现在你忘掉它的时间会比没有回顾的时候慢上许多,当你回顾的次数越多记得越牢。

It is explained in the graph below.

具体走向如下图所示:

Instead of memorizing, try setting a review plan without any tension and be relaxed. Read with concentration, and then leave it. Read again in the evening, then again the next day, and then again the next week.

不要因为背过之后会忘记而感到恐慌,试着制定一个轻松点的回顾计划,在背过之后的当天晚上再看一遍,之后第二天再看一遍,一周之后再看一遍。

Test yourself on the 15th day, and then review after one month. You'll notice that your memory, of what you heard, read, or listened, will not decline so easy now plus you remember most of it including subtle details related to or within the material.

在第15天的时候看看自己是否都记住了,到了一个月的时候在回顾一遍。这时候你想忘掉这些东西就比较难啦。

The human attention span:

人类注意力集中值:

As it's clear from this graph, the human attention span is at 30% after 45 minutes. Mostly, that is the length of one class for schools below university level. In universities it is increased to one hour or more. You can improve your attention span by increasing the time slowly, but it is better to take a short break (~5 minutes) after about an hour of focused study. The short break will allow you to regain about 90% of your attention span.

上图很明确的告诉我们在45分钟之后人类只能集中30%的注意力了,因此大多数学校会把一节课的时间设定在45分钟。而大学里则变成了一节课一小时。上了一小时课之后最好活动几分钟,这样你会重新回归到90%的集中注意力。

Another important thing regarding memory is reading a topic from many sources. It has two benefits, less boredom and many different aspects of the same scenario. Later one increases latency of information from different areas of mind when required. The more connections your brain makes with the information, the more likely it will stick in your mind.

另一个关于记忆的重点就是从不同渠道去了解这个知识点。这样做有两点好处,第一点就是这样不至于太无聊而且你还能从多方面看待一个问题,第二点好处就是这时你的脑中已经记住了不同领域的潜在知识。你的大脑和一个知识点关联的越紧密,你牢记它的可能性就越高。

Another important consideration is the productive hours. It may be different for few people but mostly early morning is the most productive time.

还有一个需要注意的方面就是效率时间。小部分的人可能不同,但大多数人都是早上的时候记东西更有效率。

Remember to keep the room temperature a little warm. It will help in focusing.

另外就是当房间温度比较暖和的时候对集中注意力比较有帮助。


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